BET ZEKHARYAH


BET ZEKHARYAH
BET ZEKHARYAH (Heb. בֵּית זְכַרְיָה), site 10 mi. (16 km.) S.W. of Jerusalem and 6 mi. (9½ km.) N. of Beth-Zur, where the Hasmonean army clashed with that of Antiochus V Eupator, king of Syria, in 162 B.C.E. In this battle eleazar , a brother of judah maccabee , was crushed to death by one of the enemy's elephants whom he attacked, believing it to be carrying the king. The Jewish force was compelled to retreat (I Macc. 6:32–3; Jos., Ant., 12:369ff.). Bet Zekharyah is present-day Khirbat Beit Zakarya, 2.2 mi. (4 km.) S.W. of Solomon's Pools. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: Jos., Wars, 1:41ff.; Avi-Yonah, Geog, 103; Abel, in: RB, 33 (1924), 212ff.; Ploger, in: ZDPV, 79 (1958), 173. (Michael Avi-Yonah)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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